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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Arabinosylnucleoside 5'-triphosphate inhibits DNA primase of calf thymus.

It has been shown that DNA primase activity is tightly associated with 10S DNA polymerase alpha from calf thymus and that the ribonucleotide-dependent DNA synthesis is more sensitive to araCTP than DNA-primed DNA synthesis (Yoshida, S., et al. (1983) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 741, 348-357). Here we measured DNA primase activity using poly(dT) template or M13 bacteriophage single-stranded DNA template and primer RNA synthesis was coupled to the reaction by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I Klenow fragment. By this method, the primer RNA synthesis can be measured independently of the associating DNA polymerase alpha. Using poly(dT) template, it was found that arabinosyladenine 5'-triphosphate (araATP) strongly inhibited DNA primase in competition with rATP. The apparent Ki for araATP was 21 microM and the ratio of Ki/Km (for rATP) was as low as 0.015. With poly(dI, dT) or M13 DNA, it was shown that araCTP also inhibited DNA primase in the similar manner. Product analysis using [alpha-32P]rATP showed that araATP inhibited the elongation of primer RNA. However, it is not likely that arabinosylnucleotides act as chain-terminators, since incubation of primer RNA with araATP did not abolish its priming activity. From these results, it is suggested that arabinosylnucleotide inhibits the initiation as well as elongation of Okazaki fragments in mammalian cells.[1]


  1. Arabinosylnucleoside 5'-triphosphate inhibits DNA primase of calf thymus. Yoshida, S., Suzuki, R., Masaki, S., Koiwai, O. J. Biochem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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