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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Circular dichroism and redox properties of high redox potential ferredoxins.

The circular dichroism (CD) spectra of 13 examples of high-potential iron-sulfur proteins (HiPIPs), a class of [4Fe-4S] ferredoxins, have been determined. In contrast to the proposal of Carter [Carter, C. W., Jr. (1977) J. Biol. Chem. 252, 7802-7811], no strict correlation between visible CD features and utilization of the [4Fe-4S]2+/[4Fe-4S]3+ oxidation levels was found. Although most HiPIPs have these features, the model requires their presence in all species. There is also no simple relationship between CD spectral features and the presence of conserved tyrosine-19. In addition, no apparent correlation between CD properties and oxidation-reduction potential could be detected. However, amino acid side chains in close contact to the iron-sulfur cluster appear to be important in modulating spectral and oxidation-reduction properties. In particular, the negative shoulder at 290 nm and negative maximum at 230 nm correlate with the presence of Trp-80 (Chromatium vinosum numbering). Two HiPIPs that do not have Trp at this position have positive bands at 290 and 230 nm. These bands in the Ectothiorhodospira halophila HiPIPs are apparently associated with Trp-49, which is located on the opposite side of the effective mirror plane of the cluster from Trp-80. The effect of pH on circular dichroism and redox potential in Thiocapsa roseopersicina HiPIP, which has a histidine at position 49, is consistent with the interaction of the side chain with the cluster. Despite specific differences in their CD spectra, the various HiPIPs studied show general similarity consistent with structural homology within this class of iron-sulfur proteins.[1]


  1. Circular dichroism and redox properties of high redox potential ferredoxins. Przysiecki, C.T., Meyer, T.E., Cusanovich, M.A. Biochemistry (1985) [Pubmed]
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