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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thyroid autoregulation: effect of iodine on glucose transport in cultured thyroid cells.

The nonmetabolizable glucose analogs, [3H]2-deoxy-D-glucose and [3H]O-methyl-D-glucose, were used to determine whether iodide influences glucose transport in porcine cells in primary culture. Incubation with iodide (3 h) decreased basal glucose transport with a half-maximum at NaI 3 X 10(-5) M and maximum at 10(-4) M. Iodide (10(-6) M to 10(-4) M) also abolished the stimulatory effect of TSH (1 mU/ml) on glucose transport. The iodide effect on [3H]2-deoxy-D-glucose transport had the following characteristics: 1) it was abolished 24 h after incubation in iodide-free medium; 2) it was prevented by methimazole (3 mM), and correlated with newly formed organic iodine, 3) and it affected the maximum velocity (Vmax) of glucose transport, reducing it from 25.1 to 14.4 and 12.0 nmol/(min mg protein) at 10(-5) M and 10(-4) M NaI, without affecting the Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) (6mM). Iodide-treated cells had a reduced specific binding of [3H]cytochalasin B (38% and 47% with respect to control cells at 10(-5) M and 10(-4) M NaI). These data suggest that iodide treatment reduces the functional carriers mediating glucose transport in the thyroid.[1]


  1. Thyroid autoregulation: effect of iodine on glucose transport in cultured thyroid cells. Filetti, S., Vetri, M., Damante, G., Belfiore, A. Endocrinology (1986) [Pubmed]
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