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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A calcium-43 NMR study of calcium binding to an acidic proline-rich phosphoprotein from human saliva.

The 43Ca NMR line width measured for Ca2+ bound to protein A, an acidic proline-rich salivary protein, is 1 order of magnitude narrower than has previously been observed for other proteins of similar molecular weight. The correlation times, quadrupole coupling constants, and chemical shifts estimated for Ca2+ ions bound to the intact protein (Mr approximately 10 000) and its 30 amino acid residue long acidic N-terminal TX peptide were indistinguishable within experimental error. These results--as well as the outcome of 1H NMR relaxation rate measurements--are indicative of extensive motions for the protein residues, which in turn give rise to a high degree of flexibility for the protein-bound Ca2+. Ca2+ titration and pH-dependent measurements on protein A, the TX peptide, and the dephosphorylated TX peptide established the importance of the two phosphoserine residues in the binding of Ca2+. Moreover, a comparison of the 43Ca NMR parameters with those obtained for other Ca2+-binding proteins suggests the presence of Ca2+-binding sites of similar symmetry in all these proteins. No evidence was found for a proposed interaction between the highly acidic N-terminal and the weakly basic C-terminal regions of protein A. In contrast, the high pH inflection that was observed in the pH titration curve for the intact protein was also found for the phospho and dephospho TX peptides, thus suggesting that basic moieties in the N-terminal region rather than those in the C-terminal region may be responsible for this observation.[1]


  1. A calcium-43 NMR study of calcium binding to an acidic proline-rich phosphoprotein from human saliva. Braunlin, W.H., Vogel, H.J., Drakenberg, T., Bennick, A. Biochemistry (1986) [Pubmed]
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