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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of (15R)- and (15S)-15-methylprostaglandin E2 in human plasma with picogram per milliliter sensitivity by column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography.

(15R)-15-Methylprostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a pro-drug under evaluation for the treatment of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and gastrointestinal cytoprotection. It is converted in acid (e.g., gastric fluid) to its active 15S epimer. Both epimers are found in human plasma at low pg/ml levels following oral dosing. A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of (15R)- and (15S)-15-methyl-PGE2 in human plasma. The method combined off-line solid-phase extraction and reversed-phase HPLC clean-up with panacyl bromide derivatization and subsequent analysis using a heteromodal column-switching technique. Assay linearity was demonstrated over a range of 10-200 pg/ml for both 15-methyl-PGE2 epimers (r greater than or equal to 0.995). There were no significant inter-day differences in assay results for either epimer at 50 and 25 pg/ml (p greater than 0.05), with pooled estimates of precision at these levels producing relative standard deviations of less than or equal to 8% and less than or equal to 12%, respectively. The method quantitation limit (signal-to-noise ratio 5:1) for both epimers was 10 pg/ml when processing 3 ml of plasma. The analysis procedure was shown to be useful for quantifying at or below 10% of the (15R)-15-methyl-PGE2 maximum plasma concentration following a 50-micrograms oral dose in three human volunteers. For the same three subjects, however, the plasma concentration of (15S)-15-methyl-PGE2 did not exceed the quantitation limit of 10 pg/ml.[1]


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