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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spermine-induced variations in the adenosine 5'-diphosphate ribosylation patterns of nuclear proteins from rat liver and hepatoma.

Rat liver and hepatoma nuclei were incubated in vitro with [3H]nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide to allow synthesis of a polymer of adenosine diphosphoribose subunits joined in an 1',2' ribose-ribose linkage. The addition of 1 mM spermine altered the adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) ribosylation patterns of nuclear proteins in hepatoma, host liver, and regenerating liver. Spermine-treated nuclei showed a greater incorporation of ADP-ribose into H1 histones and nonhistone nuclear proteins with isoelectric points between pH 3.0 and 6.0 when separated on polyacrylamide gels. Conversely, a large reduction in ADP ribosylation was seen in core histones (H2A, H2B, and H3) from the same nuclei. The proportion of ADP-ribose incorporated into histones was reduced in the nuclei from proliferating cells relative to their respective control livers. These results imply that polyamines, which are higher in concentration in rapidly dividing cells, may elicit a regulatory function by causing the preferential ADP ribosylation of H1 histones, as well as the more acidic of the nuclear proteins.[1]


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