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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of cortisol or starvation on the activities of four enzymes in small intestine and liver of the rat during development.

The small intestine of the rat, like the liver, is a tissue with high activities of arginase, ornithine aminotransferase, and pyrroline-5-carbozylate reductase. These enzymes are thought to catalyse sequential steps in the synthesis of proline. We have compared the effect of cortisol or brief starvation on the activities of these enzymes and of soluble alanine aminotransrerase in the small intestine and liver during development. In the intestine, cortisol accelerated the increase in arginase activity, reversed the normal 2-week-long post-natal decline in that of pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase, and delayed the normal decrease, in the third week, of ornithine aminotransferase activity. Starvation of neonates for 18 h raised the activity of arginase slightly, that of pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase significantly, and had no effect on ornithine aminotransferase activity. Cortisol did not alter the hepatic activities of pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase in neonates but induced premature rises in the activities of arginase and ornithine aminotransferase. Short starvation did not affect the hepatic activities of any of these enzymes. Alanine aminotransferase activity in both tissues was enhanced by cortisol but not by starvation. Thus in intestine, cortisol elicited some changes in the activity of three functionally related and one unrelated enzyme while starvation evoked changes only in pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase. Neither stimulus appears to be specific for a metabolic pathway or to trigger a coordinated onset of proline synthesis from arginine.[1]


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