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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of two rat hepatic microsomal drug-metabolizing enzymes by a carcinogenic N-nitrosated pesticide: N-nitrosocarbaryl.

N-Nitrosocarbaryl (N-methyl-1-naphthyl N-nitrosocarbamate) was intraperitoneally administered to male and female rats on four consecutive days at the following doses: 6.25 mg, 12.5 mg, 25 mg and 50 mg/kg body weight/day in olive oil solution; the controls received just the oil. In a second experiment, a daily intraperitoneal dose of 25 mg/kg of N-nitrosocarbaryl was given for 1, 2, 3 or 4 days; the animals were killed 24 h after the last treatment. The two following microsomal enzymatic activities were assayed: aniline aromatic hydroxylase and p-nitroanisole O-demethylase; the levels of cytochrome P-450, proteins and RNA were measured in the hepatic microsomal fraction. N-Nitrosocarbaryl is an inhibitor of the two investigated microsomal monooxygenases at doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg when administered on 4 consecutive days. During the daily administration, enzyme inhibition is seen in females after one day of treatment whereas cytochrome P-450 only becomes lowered after 4 days of administration. In males, no modification of this parameter is observed whereas the activities of microsomal monooxygenases are inhibited. These results suggest that N-nitrosocarbaryl could act on the active sites of the enzymes which metabolize aniline and p-nitroanisole.[1]


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