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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of inhibitors of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase on actions of cholecystokinin, bombesin, and carbachol on pancreatic acini.

In dispersed acini from guinea pig pancreas two inhibitors of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, Ro 20-1724 and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), augmented the increase in amylase secretion caused by supramaximal concentrations of cholecystokinin but did not alter the stimulation of enzyme secretion caused by bombesin. The augmentations of the action of cholecystokinin caused by Ro 20-1724 or IBMX could be reproduced by 8-bromo-cAMP. When tested alone or with theophylline, cholecystokinin did not alter cAMP in pancreatic acini; however, with Ro 20-1724 or IBMX, concentrations of cholecystokinin that were supramaximal for stimulating amylase secretion caused a significant increase in cellular cAMP. These findings indicate that Ro 20-1724 and IBMX augment the action of cholecystokinin on enzyme secretion by inhibiting cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and allowing a significant cholecystokinin-induced increase in cellular cAMP. IBMX but not Ro 20-1724 caused a parallel rightward shift in the dose-response curve for the stimulation of amylase secretion caused by carbachol. IBMX also caused a parallel rightward shift in the dose-response curve for the stimulation of outflux of 45Ca caused by carbachol. These results indicate that IBMX, but not Ro 20-1724, can function as a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist.[1]


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