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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hairy root: plasmid encodes virulence traits in Agrobacterium rhizogenes.

Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain 15834, which incites hairy root disease in plants, harbors three large plasmids: pAr15834a (107 x 10(6) daltons), pAr15834b (154 x 10(6) daltons), and pAr15834c (258 x 10(6) daltons). Kanamycin-resistant transconjugants were selected in a cross of kanamycin-resistant derivate of strain 15834 and an avirulent recipient. The transconjugants belonging to one class were virulent and contained all three donor plasmids. These transconjugants also acquired sensitivity to the bacteriocin agrocin 84. The loss of plasmids from virulent transconjugants during growth at 37 degrees C indicated that virulence genes reside on pAr15834b, whereas agrocin 84 sensitivity genes reside on pAr15834a. The pathology induced by the virulent transconjugants containing only pAr15834b was identical to that produced by the wild-type strain of A. rhizogenes. Restriction endonuclease fragment analysis of plasmids from the transconjugants and the donor revealed that pAr15834c is a cointegrate of pAr15834a and pAr15834b. Kanamycin-resistant transconjugants belonging to a second class were avirulent and contained an altered form of pAr15834b. Strain 15834 can utilize octopine. However, this trait was not detected in any of the transconjugants. Octopine is not synthesized by infected plant tissue.[1]


  1. Hairy root: plasmid encodes virulence traits in Agrobacterium rhizogenes. White, F.F., Nester, E.W. J. Bacteriol. (1980) [Pubmed]
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