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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase in mitochondria and cytosol from different-sized follicles and corpora lutea of porcine ovaries.

cAMP-dependent protein kinase was examined in mitochondria and cytosol prepared from different-sized antral follicles and corpora lutea of porcine ovaries. In all ovarian tissues examined except small follicles, protein kinase-specific activity was significantly higher in mitochondria than in cytosol, with the highest to lowest activities being found in medium (4-6 mm) follicles, large (7-12 mm) follicles, corpora lutea, and small (1-3 mm) follicles, respectively. Using the photoaffinity analogue [32P]8-N3cAMP, two major cAMP binding proteins with Mr = 47,000 (the apparent regulatory subunit of protein kinase Type I) and 54,000-56,000 (Type II) were found in all ovarian preparations. Type II was predominant in the cytosol of all ovarian samples, with the cytosolic Type I to Type II ratio increasing from approximately 0.05 in small and medium follicles top approximately 0.20 in large follicles and corpora lutea. In contrast, ovarian mitochondrial preparations contained relatively more Type I than did cytosol, with the mitochondrial Type I to Type II ratio increasing from approximately 0.50 in small and medium follicles to 0.88 in large follicles and 2.96 in corpora lutea. Also, mitochondrial [4-14C]cholesterol conversion and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase activities increased with follicle size and luteinization. These results suggest that Type I may play a role in the regulation of ovarian mitochondrial steroidogenesis.[1]


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