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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mating-type differentiation by transposition of controlling elements in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The nonfunctional mutation of the homothallic gene HML alpha, designated hml alpha, produced two mutant alleles, hml alpha-1 and hml alpha-2. Both mutant clones were mixed cultures consisting of a mating-type cells and nonmating haploid cells. The frequencies of the two cell types were different, and a few diploid cells able to sporulate were found in the hml alpha-2 mutant. Conversions of an a mating-type cell to nonmater, and vice versa, were observed in both mutants. The conversion of an a mating phenotype to nonmating is postulated to occur by alteration of the a mating type to the sterile mating-type allele in the hml alpha-1 mutant. In tetrad dissection of prototrophic diploids that were obtained by rare mating of hml alpha-1 mutants with a heterothallic strain having the MATa ho HMRa HMLa genotype, many mating-deficient haploid segregants were found, while alpha mating-type segregants were observed in a similar diploid using an hml alpha-2 mutant. The mating-type-deficient haploid segregants were supposed to have the sterile alpha mating-type allele because the nonmating genetic trait always segregated with the mating-type locus. Sporogenous diploid cells obtained in the hml alpha-2 mutant clone had the MATa/MAT alpha HO/HO HMRa/HMRa hml alpha-2/hml alpha-2 genotype. These observations suggested that the hml alpha-1 allele produces a transposable element that gives rise to the sterile alpha mating type by transposition into the mating-type locus, and that the hml alpha-2 allele produces an element that provides alpha mating-type information, but is defective in the structure for transposition.[1]


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