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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein phosphorylation in canine renal brush-border membrane vesicles is associated with decreased phosphate transport.

It is known that the administration of parathyroid hormone to dogs results in phosphaturia and decreased phosphate transport in brush-border vesicles isolated from the kidneys of those dogs. Parathyroid hormone has been shown to activate adenylate cyclase at the basal-lateral membrane of the renal proximal tubular cell. It has been postulated that parathyroid hormone-induced phosphaturia is effected through phosphorylation of brush-border protein by membrane-bound cAMP-dependent protein kinase. An experimental system was designed such that phosphorylation of brush-border vesicles and Na+-stimulated solute transport could be studied in the same preparations. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of membrane vesicles revealed cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of 2 protein bands (Mr = 96,000 and 62,000), which was enhanced by exposure of the inside of the membrane vesicles to ATP and cAMP. Cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of brush-border vesicles was accompanied by inhibition of Na+-stimulated Pi but not D-glucose transport or 22Na+ uptake. When renal brush-border vesicles from parathyroidectomized and normal dogs were phosphorylated in vitro in the presence and absence of cAMP, both the cAMP-dependent phosphorylation and inhibition of Na+-stimulated Pi transport were greater in vesicles isolated from kidneys of parathyroidectomized dogs relative to control animals. We conclude that the cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of brush-border membrane-vesicle proteins is associated with specific inhibition of Na+-stimulated Pi transport. The phosphaturic action of parathyroid hormone ( PTH) could be mediated through the cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of specific brush-border membrane proteins.[1]


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