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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intracisternal A-particle genes as movable elements in the mouse genome.

We analyzed two functionally defective mouse kappa light chain gene variants previously shown to contain novel insertions of repetitive DNA in their intervening sequences [Hawley, R. G., Shulman, M. J., Murialdo, H., Gibson, D. M. & Hozumi, N. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 7425-7429]. Heteroduplex analysis of the cloned genes shows that the insertions consist of intracisternal A-particle ( IAP) genetic elements. Each insertion includes an IAP 5' long terminal repeat (LTR) sequence and extends to a characteristic IAP internal BamHI site where the IAP sequence is interrupted because the mutant genes were cloned from complete BamHI digests of the cellular DNAs. Restriction enzyme mapping indicates that the 5' LTR boundaries of the inserted IAP elements correspond closely to the previously determined rearrangement sites in the mutant genes. The IAP insertions in the two mutants can be distinguished by restriction-site differences and by the fact that one of them contains a deletion that is absent in the other. Nucleotide sequence data are presented for the LTRs of one full-length IAP gene copy randomly selected from a mouse genomic DNA library. These LTRs show many features typical of known integrated retroviral terminal repeat units, and the entire gene is bracketed by short direct repeats within the adjacent cellular DNA. Thus, the findings show that IAP genetic elements can appear in new locations in mouse cellular DNA and suggest that this may occur through a process of proviral insertion.[1]


  1. Intracisternal A-particle genes as movable elements in the mouse genome. Kuff, E.L., Feenstra, A., Lueders, K., Smith, L., Hawley, R., Hozumi, N., Shulman, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1983) [Pubmed]
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