The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ciliated and microvillous structures of rat olfactory and nasal respiratory epithelia. A study using ultra-rapid cryo-fixation followed by freeze-substitution or freeze-etching.

The olfactory epithelium of the Sprague-Dawley rat showed structures which indicate that freeze-substitution after ultra-rapid cryo-fixation is a better method for its preservation than conventional fixation techniques. A new feature is that matrices of the distal parts of olfactory cilia range in their staining intensity from very dense to electron-lucent. Outlines of structures are smooth and membrane features can be clearly seen. The textures of mucus from olfactory and respiratory epithelia are distinctly different after freeze-fracturing and deep-etching following cryo-fixation. Olfactory cilia show no microtubule-attached axonemal structures. Cross-sectional diameters are smaller after freeze-substitution than after freeze-fracturing. Intramembranous particle densities are lower in nine regions of three cell types in cryo-fixed olfactory and respiratory epithelia than in those chemically fixed and cryoprotected. The fracture faces of membranes from etched, cryo-fixed cells have holes, a result which probably accounts for differences in particle density between cryo-fixed and chemically-fixed, cryo-protected cells. Particle diameters are usually the same using both methods. Densities of intramembranous particles and particles plus holes are highest in supporting cell processes, followed by endings and cilia of olfactory receptor cells, and are lowest in respiratory cilia. Particle densities at outer and inner surfaces are higher than those in either fracture face. Outer surfaces show a good correlation from region to region with densities summated over both fracture faces.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities