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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of lipoxygenase products from arachidonic acid metabolism in stimulated murine eosinophils.

The presence of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase pathways in murine eosinophils was demonstrated by the isolation and identification of several lipoxygenase products from incubations of these cells. The most abundant arachidonate metabolite from murine eosinophils stimulated with ionophore A23187 and exogenous arachidonic acid was 12-S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-S-HETE), and the next most abundant was 15-HETE. Two families of leukotrienes were also recovered from these incubations. One family comprised the hydrolysis products of leukotriene A4, and the other included products derived from the 14,15-oxido analog of leukotriene A4 (14,15-leukotriene A4). Two double oxygenation products of arachidonate were also identified. These compounds were a 5,15-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5,15-diHETE) and a 5,12-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5,12-diHETE). Eosinophil stimulation promoter is a murine lymphokine which enhances the migration of eosinophils. When murine eosinophils were incubated with eosinophil stimulation promoter in concentrations sufficient to produce a migration response, a 2-3-fold increase in the production of 12-HETE was observed compared to unstimulated cells. Coupled with the recent demonstration that arachidonic acid lipoxygenase inhibitors suppress the migration response to eosinophil stimulation promoter and that 12-HETE induces a migration response, this observation provides further evidence in support of the hypothesis that eosinophil stimulation promoter stimulation of eosinophils results in the generation of lipoxygenase products which modulate the migratory activity of the cells.[1]


  1. Identification of lipoxygenase products from arachidonic acid metabolism in stimulated murine eosinophils. Turk, J., Rand, T.H., Maas, R.L., Lawson, J.A., Brash, A.R., Roberts, L.J., Colley, D.G., Oates, J.A. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1983) [Pubmed]
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