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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of analogues of 5'-methylthioadenosine on cellular metabolism. Inactivation of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase by 5'-isobutylthioadenosine.

The effects of a number of nucleosides related to 5'-methylthioadenosine on the activities of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, spermidine synthase and spermine synthase were investigated. Both 5'-methylthioadenosine and 5'-isobutylthioadenosine gave rise to an enzyme-activated irreversible inhibition of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, but 5'-methylthiotubercidin (5'-methylthio-7-deaza-adenosine), 5'-deoxy-5'-chloroformycin, 5'-ethylthio-2-fluoro-adenosine and 1,N6-etheno-5'-methylthioadenosine were totally ineffective in producing this inactivation. Of the nucleosides tested, only 5'-methylthioadenosine, 5'-methylthiotubercidin and 5'-isobutylthioadenosine were inhibitory towards the aminopropyltransferases responsible for the synthesis of spermine and spermidine. 5'-Methylthiotubercidin, 5'-deoxy-5'-chloroformycin and 5'-isobutylthioadenosine were inhibitors of the degradation of 5'-methylthioadenosine by 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, but only 5'-isobutylthioadenosine was also a substrate for this enzyme. These results suggest that the effects of 5'-isobutylthioadenosine of the cell may result from the combination of inhibitory actions on polyamine synthesis, 5'-methylthioadenosine degradation and S-adenosylhomocysteine degradation. The resulting increased concentrations of S-adenosylhomocysteine could bring about inhibition of methyltransferase reactions. A new convenient method for the assay of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase in the direction of synthesis is described.[1]


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