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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of the degradation of cytochrome P-450 heme by secobarbital on polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)-induced hepatic vitamin A reduction and lipid peroxide formation in rats.

The present studies were conducted to characterize the relevance of a microsomal mixed function oxidase system to the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)-induced vitamin A reduction and endogenous lipid peroxide formation in the liver of rats. And also, this study dealt with an influence of scavengers on the hepatic lipid peroxide formation stimulated by PCB. Rats were given a 0.01% PCB diet supplemented with adequate nutrients, for 14 days. In an experiment, secobarbital was injected subcutaneously for the degradation of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 heme. A marked liver enlargement and a significant increase of total liver lipid content were observed in the PCB group. The secobarbital enhanced the PCB-induced liver enlargement but no effect of secobarbital on the lipid content was recognized. PCB significantly induced hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450, but not both cytochrome b5 and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase. The secobarbital suppressed the induction of cytochrome P-450 caused by PCB to approximately one-half. The hepatic vitamin A content significantly decreased on PCB administration and the secobarbital slightly enhanced the PCB-induced vitamin A reduction. However, the vitamin A content in the secobarbital-injected control group decreased to nearly the same levels as in the PCB groups. Therefore, it was presumed that the hepatic microsomal mixed function oxidase system, especially the cytochrome P-450, was possibly not directly involved in the PCB-induced hepatic vitamin A reduction or that a metabolic system related to mixed function oxidase system was involved in the reduction. On the other hand, the hepatic lipid peroxide content tended to increase on PCB administration though no significant difference was recognized. In contrast, the hepatic lipid peroxide content significantly increased in the secobarbital-injected PCB group as compared with the secobarbital-injected control group. However, there was no difference in the lipid peroxide contents between the control groups with and without the injection of secobarbital, and also between the PCB groups. The hepatic vitamin E contents lowered in the secobarbital-injected groups but no effect was observed on PCB administration. The glutathione peroxidase activity decreased significantly on PCB administration and the secobarbital further decreased the activity. Therefore, it was suggested that the significant increase and tendency of increase in hepatic lipid peroxide contents in the PCB groups with and without injection of secobarbital were ascribed to an insufficiency of lipid peroxide scavengers in the liver.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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