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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Repeating functional domains in the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Escherichia coli.

Each polypeptide chain in the lipoate acetyltransferase ( E2) core of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from Escherichia coli contains three repeating sequences in the N-terminal half of the molecule. The repeats are highly homologous in primary structure and each includes a lysine residue that is a potential site for lipoylation. We have shown that all three sites are lipoylated, at least in part, and that the three lipoylated segments of the E2 chain can be isolated as distinct functional domains after limited proteolysis. Each domain becomes partly acetylated in the intact complex in the presence of substrate. In the primary structure, the domains are separated by regions of polypeptide chain oddly rich in alanine and proline residues. These regions are probably the conformationally mobile segments observed in the 1H-n.m.r. spectrum of the complex and which are removed by tryptic cleavage at Lys-316. The C-terminal half of the molecule contains the acetyltransferase active site and the binding sites for E1, E3 and other E2 subunits. The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of E. coli, which has a heterogeneous quaternary structure, is thus far unique among the 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes in possessing more than one lipoyl domain per E2 chain, but this may be a general feature of the enzyme from Gram-negative organisms.[1]


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