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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reduction of hepatic tetrahydrofolate and inhibition of exhalation of 14CO2 formed from [dimethylamino-14C]aminopyrine in nitrous oxide-treated rats.

The exhalation of 14CO2 after the administration of [dimethylamino-14C]aminopyrine to an organism is assumed to reflect the demethylation of aminopyrine by hepatic mixed-function oxidase activity. The formaldehyde formed as a result of the demethylation of aminopyrine is then sequentially oxidized to formic acid and CO2. The last step in the pathway, i.e., formate oxidation, is dependent upon tetrahydrofolate; thus, factors which alter hepatic tetrahydrofolate potentially may modify 14C-aminopyrine metabolism to 14CO2 in vivo. Exposure of rats to nitrous oxide (N2O) produces a significant reduction in hepatic tetrahydrofolate as a result of the inhibition of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate:homocysteine methyltransferase activity (E.C. In the present study, exposure of rats to N2O/O2 (1:1) for 4 hr prior to the administration of 14C-aminopyrine (40 or 400 mumoles per kg) produced a 60% reduction in the peak rate of 14CO2 exhalation and a 45% decrease in the total 14CO2 exhaled within 2 hr. In control experiments, exposure of rats to nitrogen/O2 (1:1) produced no effect on 14C-aminopyrine metabolism to 14CO2. Administration of methionine (1.3 mmoles per kg) 30 min prior to 14C-aminopyrine administration reversed the inhibition of 14CO2 exhalation and reduction in hepatic tetrahydrofolate observed in N2O-exposed animals. Aminopyrine (400 mumoles per kg) administration to air-breathing rats did not affect the level of urinary formate, but exposure to N2O produced a 40-fold increase. Aminopyrine administration to N2O-exposed rats produced a 75% increase in urinary formate as compared to rats treated with N2O alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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