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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hydrolysis of 1-triacontanoyl-2-(pyren-1-yl)hexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine by human pancreatic phospholipase A2.

A novel fluorescent phospholipid analogue, 1-triacontanoyl-2-(pyren-1-yl)hexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (C30PHPC) was employed as a substrate for human pancreatic phospholipase A2. C30PHPC has a main endothermic phase transition with Tm at 46 degrees C as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). For an aqueous dispersion of C30PHPC the ratio of the intensities of pyrene excimer and monomer fluorescence emission, (IE/IM) has a maximum between 32 and 36 degrees C. The excimer emission intensity (at 480 nm) exceeds the monomer emission intensity (at 400 nm) 6.5-fold thus indicating a close packing of the phospholipid pyrene moieties in the lipid phase. C30PHPC has a limiting mean molecular area of 37 A2 at surface pressure 35 dyn cm-1 as judged by the compression isotherm at an air-water interphase. The hydrolysis of C30PHPC by human pancreatic phospholipase A2 was followed by monitoring the increase in the pyrene monomer fluorescence emission intensity occurring as a consequence of transfer of the reaction product, pyren-1-yl hexanoic acid into the aqueous phase. The enzyme reaction exhibited an apparent Km of 2.0 microM substrate. Calcium at a concentration of 0.2 mM activated the enzyme 4-fold. Maximal hydrolytic rates were obtained at 45 degrees C and at pH between 5.5 and 6. 5. The enzyme reaction could be inhibited by 5 mM EDTA, confirming the absolute requirement for Ca2+ of this enzyme. The present fluorimetric assay easily detects hydrolysis of C30PHPC in the pmol min-1 range. Accordingly, less than nanogram levels of human pancreatic phospholipase A2 can be detected.[1]


  1. Hydrolysis of 1-triacontanoyl-2-(pyren-1-yl)hexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine by human pancreatic phospholipase A2. Thurén, T., Virtanen, J.A., Vainio, P., Kinnunen, P.K. Chem. Phys. Lipids (1983) [Pubmed]
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