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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and properties of chlorophyllase from greened rye seedlings.

1. Chlorophyllase [EC] was extracted from the acetone-dried powder of the chloroplasts of greened rye seedlings with 1% cholate, and purified 870-fold with a yield of about 30%. The purification procedure was composed of fractionations with acetone and ammonium sulfate, and hydrophobic chromatography on a phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B column. 2. The purified enzyme was pure as analyzed by molecular-sieve chromatography and isoelectric electrophoresis. It had an isoelectric point of 4.5 and a molecular weight of 39,000. 3. The purified enzyme was stable at pH 6-9 and 4 degrees C. At pH 7.5, it was stable in the presence and absence of 30% acetone. However, at 30 degrees C, it was not stable above a 10% concentration of acetone. 4. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed chlorophylls a and b from spinach into chlorophyllides a and b and phytols, respectively; and bacteriochlorophyll a from Rhodospirillum rubrum into bacteriochlorophyllide a and a derivative of phytol, possibly all-trans-geranylgeraniol. The hydrolysis rates were stimulated to their maxima in the presence of 30% acetone; maximum stimulation was about 50% with bacteriochlorophyll a and about 400% with chlorophyll a. 5. At pH 7.5 and 30 degrees C in the presence of 30% acetone, the Km values and specific activities were 12 microM and 480 nmol . min-1 . mg-1 for chlorophylls a, and 4 microM and 170 nmol . min-1 . mg-1 for R. rubrum bacteriochlorophyll a, respectively.[1]


  1. Purification and properties of chlorophyllase from greened rye seedlings. Tanaka, K., Kakuno, T., Yamashita, J., Horio, T. J. Biochem. (1982) [Pubmed]
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