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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of DNase VIII. A 5'-3' directed exonuclease from human placental nuclei.

DNase VIII is an exonuclease purified from human placenta trophoblast nuclei. The enzyme has a pH optimum of 9.5 and requires a divalent cation. It is inhibited by salt and stimulated by Triton X-100. Glycerol gradient analysis of the activity indicates a sedimentation coefficient of 2.8 S (31,000 daltons if globular). This enzyme initiates hydrolysis from 5'-phosphorylated termini of single-stranded DNA and acts at internal phosphodiester bonds liberating 5'-phosphorylated oligonucleotides. It degrades polynucleotides of repeating base sequence as well as single-stranded DNA, yielding oligonucleotides of even number, in which the main reaction products are dinucleotides. The activity on denatured DNA is not inhibited by the presence of ultraviolet-induced photoproducts. DNase VIII can also initiate hydrolysis at those distorted termini produced by the action of Micrococcus luteus dimer specific endonuclease on duplex DNA, which contains cyclobutane dimers.[1]


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