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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on mechanisms of diltiazem-induced protection of the ischemic myocardium: selective myocardial depressant action of diltiazem on an ischemic isolated blood-perfused canine papillary muscle preparation.

The effect of diltiazem on the contractile and vascular responses to 2 min of total occlusion and reperfusion was investigated in isolated blood-perfused canine papillary muscle preparations. Diltiazem, in doses (3 and 10 micrograms/min) that increased coronary blood flow but did not change developed tension and maximum rate of tension development (dT/dt) in papillary muscle before occlusion, attenuated tension development between 40 and 120 sec of ischemia. At-60 sec postocclusion, developed tension was at 36 +/- 4, 37 +/- 5 and 44 +/- 4% below preocclusion levels for 3, 10 and 100 micrograms/min of diltiazem, respectively (nondiltiazem treated = 24 +/- 3%). The dT/dt increased to 22 +/- 6% above preocclusion value during ischemia in nondiltiazem-treated preparations. This was blocked by diltiazem in a dose-dependent fashion. Propranolol and nitroprusside did not modify the developed tension and the increase in dT/dt of the papillary muscle during occlusion. On reperfusion, an overshoot in developed tension to 22 +/- 4% above preocclusion level was observed. This was significantly reduced by diltiazem and propranolol but not by nitroprusside. Diltiazem inhibited the maximal peak reactive hyperemia response after 2 min of occlusion by 30 to 38%. Both propranolol and nitroprusside did not change this response. The results show that diltiazem selectively depresses the inotropic state of the ischemic myocardium and suggest that a diltiazem-induced reduction in myocardial oxygen consumption during ischemia may contribute to the protection of ischemic myocardium and the reduction in reactive hypermia response in the ischemic heart.[1]


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