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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for a monoglucuronide of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in rat bile.

We have isolated and characterized a monoglucuronide fraction of 9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)triene-1 alpha, 3 beta, 25-triol, 5,6-cis isomer (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) from rat bile. Polar radioactive metabolites of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 were purified by a sequence of chromatographic procedures which utilized Amberlite XAD-2, diethylaminohydroxypropyl Sephadex LH-20, liquid-liquid partition on paper, and reverse phase chromatography on C-18 microparticulate columns. A purified radioactive substance showed maximal absorbance at 264 nm, indicating the presence of a triene in the 5,6-cis configuration. Mass spectrometry by fast atom bombardment of the product demonstrated an ion at m/z 637 atomic mass units that is consistent with a natriated sodium salt of a monoglucuronide of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 ([MNa]Na+). Following methylation of the carboxylic acid group and formation of trimethylsilyl ethers of the hydroxyl groups, the fragmentation pattern of the product was compatible with that of a monoglucuronide of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. The intact metabolite was treated with beta-glucuronidase and the aglycon was isolated by chromatography on microparticulate silica. The aglycon co-migrated with authentic 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 during chromatography and it gave a mass fragmentation pattern consistent with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. The aglycon was bound by an intestinal cytosol receptor with essentially the same affinity as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. These findings indicate that bile contains a monoglucuronide of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.[1]


  1. Evidence for a monoglucuronide of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in rat bile. Litwiller, R.D., Mattox, V.R., Jardine, I., Kumar, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1982) [Pubmed]
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