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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhalation carcinogenicity of epichlorohydrin in noninbred Sprague-Dawley rats.

Inhalation exposure experiments with the direct-acting alkylating agent epichlorohydrin (ECH) were done on noninbred male Sprague-Dawley rats. Single 6-hour exposure to ECH and follow-up for 14 days showed the median lethal concentration to be about 360 ppm. Further inhalation experiments were done with 6-hour exposure 5 days/week. A short-term 30-exposure regimen with 100 ppm ECH produced malignant squamous cell carcinomas of the nasal cavity in 15 of 140 rats and respiratory tract papillomas in 3 rats. Among 100 rats, lifetime exposure to 30 ppm yielded 1 malignant squamous carcinoma of the nasal cavity plus 1 nasal papilloma. No nasal or respiratory tract tumors were produced by lifetime exposure of 100 rats to 10 ppm. As controls, 100 air-treated and 50 untreated rats were used. A dose-rate effect was observed for ECH inasmuch as 30-day exposure to 100 ppm (3,000 ppm-days) produced 15 cancers in comparison to the 1 cancer from the lifetime exposure to 30 ppm (8,700 ppm-days) and no cancers from lifetime exposure to 10 ppm (2,500 ppm-days).[1]


  1. Inhalation carcinogenicity of epichlorohydrin in noninbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Laskin, S., Sellakumar, A.R., Kuschner, M., Nelson, N., La Mendola, S., Rusch, G.M., Katz, G.V., Dulak, N.C., Albert, R.E. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1980) [Pubmed]
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