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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rat hepatomas: chemotherapy with lycurim and pyrazofurin.

Hepatoma 8999 was sensitive to Lycurim [1,4-di-(methylsulfonyloxy-ethylamino)-1,4-dideoxy-ms-erythritol] with a mean lethal dose (LD50) of 8.1 X 10(-8) M for a 6-hour treatment in vitro. The drug dose lethal to 10% of the rats with Lycurim (10 mg/kg) injected ip 12 times into hepatoma 8999-bearing BUF rats at 10-day intervals provided a mean increase in life-span (ILS) of 156%. The more rapidly growing, less differentiated hepatoma 3924A was tenfold less sensitive to Lycurim in vitro, and three treatments in vivo (10 mg/kg given every 8 days) gave an ILS of only 18% in ACI/N rats. Because hepatoma 8999 had a high adenosine kinase activity, the effect of Pyrazofurin (PF; 3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-4-hydroxypyrazole-5-carboxamide) was examined in vitro: The LD50 was 8.5 X 10(-8) M in a 6-hour exposure. In hepatoma 3924A, with a fifteenfold lower adenosine kinase, the LD50 was 22-fold higher. Three treatments with PF (4 mg/kg given every 2 days) in hepatoma 8999 caused an 18% ILS and no host toxicity, but in hepatoma 3924A no significant ILS was observed. Lycurim combined with PF (0.05 microM each) in hepatoma 8999 cells in vitro provided synergistic kill, but Lycurim and PF (0.3 and 1 microM, respectively) in hepatoma 3924A cells yielded summation. When 10 rats with hepatoma 8999 were treated 15 times with the optimal dose of Lycurim (7.5 mg/kg every 10 1/2 days), 1-year survivors numbered 7. Alternate doses of Lycurim (7.5 mg/kg) and PF (3 mg/kg) at 5-day intervals for 4 months to 10 rats gave an ILS of 152% with eight 1-year survivors and no host toxicity.[1]


  1. Rat hepatomas: chemotherapy with lycurim and pyrazofurin. Lui, M.S., Jackson, R.C., Harkrader, R.J., Weber, G. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1982) [Pubmed]
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