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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antibody responses of horses to equine influenza viruses during a postepizootic period in Japan.

The antibody responses to equine influenza viruses were investigated during a postepizootic period of the disease. Serum samples were collected from a total of 128 horses on three occasions during the years 1967-77. No significant increase of hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titers to subtypes 1 and 2 of equine influenza virus were detected in any of the sera tested. The maternal hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titers of foals decreased over a four month interval. A marked increase of the titers was recognized in only the equine influenza virus vaccinated horses. These findings suggest that equine influenza virus was not prevalent in the horse populations during the observation period. In such conditions, the dissemination of equine influenza viruses in the horses is discussed in relation to introduction of the disease from abroad. We also examined whether the doctrine of original antigenic sin, an immunological phenomenon recognized in human influenza, was applicable for equine influenza. However, no marked increase of hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titer to the primary infecting subtype in the 44 horses was observed after administration of the heterologous subtype vaccine.[1]


  1. Antibody responses of horses to equine influenza viruses during a postepizootic period in Japan. Goto, H., Shimizu, K., Taya, Y., Noda, H., Tokunaga, T. Can. J. Comp. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
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