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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct molecular mechanism regulate cell cycle timing at successive stages of Drosophila embryogenesis.

The conserved regulators of cell cycle progression--Cyclins, Cdc2 kinase, and String phosphatase (Cdc25)--accommodate multiple modes of regulation during Drosophila embryogenesis. During cell cycles 2-7, Cdc2/Cyclin complexes are continuously present and show little fluctuation in abundance, phosphomodification, or activity. This suggests that cycling of the mitotic apparatus does not require cytoplasmic oscillations of known regulatory activities. During cycles 8-13 a progressive increase in the degradation of Cyclins at mitosis leads to increasing oscillations of Cdc2 kinase activity. Mutants deficient in cyclin mRNAs suffer cell cycle delays during this period, suggesting that Cyclin accumulation times these cycles. During interphase 14, programmed degradation of maternal String protein leads to inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdc2 and cell cycle arrest. Subsequently, mitoses 14-16 are triggered by pulses of zygotic string transcription.[1]


  1. Distinct molecular mechanism regulate cell cycle timing at successive stages of Drosophila embryogenesis. Edgar, B.A., Sprenger, F., Duronio, R.J., Leopold, P., O'Farrell, P.H. Genes Dev. (1994) [Pubmed]
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