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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genotoxicity assessment of aromatic amines and amides in genetically engineered V79 cells.

A genetically engineered V79 cell line expressing rat CYP1A2 and another cell line expressing rat CYP1A2 as well as endogenous acetyltransferase activity, as well as CYP-deficient parental V79 cell lines, were used to assess the genotoxicity of the aromatic amines and amides 2-aminoanthracene, 2-aminofluorene, 2-acetylaminofluorene, 4-acetylaminofluorene and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline, with chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges as the end-points. None of the test compounds showed a clear effect on the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in any cell line used. Sister chromatid exchanges, however, were induced by 2-aminoanthracene, 2-aminofluorene and 2-acetylaminofluorene in the CYP1A2-proficient cells, but not in the CYP1A2-deficient cells. The presence of acetyltransferase activity enhanced the effect of 2-aminoanthracene, 2-aminofluorene and 2-acetylaminofluorene. 4-Acetylaminofluorene and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline did not induce sister chromatid exchanges in the investigated cell lines. The use of cell lines with defined metabolic capabilities seems to be a valuable tool to study specific metabolic pathways important in the activation of procarcinogens.[1]


  1. Genotoxicity assessment of aromatic amines and amides in genetically engineered V79 cells. Rodrigues, A.S., Silva, I.D., Caria, M.H., Laires, A., Chaveca, T., Glatt, H.R., Rueff, J. Mutat. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
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