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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor against T-cell-meditated lethal shock triggered by superantigens.

The bacterial superantigens (SAg), toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), are powerful T-cell stimulators, triggering systemic release of lymphokines causing lethal shock in D-galactosamine (D-Gal)-sensitized mice. We show that pretreatment with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) protects mice against T-cell-mediated SAg-shock. In mice challenged with D-Gal/TSST-1, lethal shock was caused within 30 hours. In contrast, animals pretreated with two consecutive subcutaneous injections of 2 micrograms rhG-CSF with a 12-hour time interval showed only marginal signs of illness and no lethality after challenge with D-Gal/TSST-1. Mice treated with 5 micrograms rhG-CSF either 12 or 6 hours in advance also survived otherwise lethal doses of D-Gal/TSST-1. The protective effects of rhG-CSF pretreatment was also evident against lethal doses of D-Gal/SEB challenge and this protection was accompanied by suppression of systemic interleukin-2. However, rhG-CSF affected neither the proliferative responses of SAg-reactive T cells in vivo or in vitro nor their interleukin-2 production in vitro, implying that rhG-CSF may indirectly interfere with cytokine synthesis in T cells but not with T-cell-SAg binding itself. These results represent another beneficial effect of rhG-CSF as an anti-inflammatory agent against T-cell-mediated toxicity triggered by SAg.[1]


  1. Protective effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor against T-cell-meditated lethal shock triggered by superantigens. Aoki, Y., Hiromatsu, K., Kobayashi, N., Hotta, T., Saito, H., Igarashi, H., Niho, Y., Yoshikai, Y. Blood (1995) [Pubmed]
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