The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Different structural requirements within the switch II region of the Ras protein for interactions with specific downstream targets.

Ras proteins function through the formation of specific complexes with Raf-1, B-raf, PI-3 kinase and RalGDS. These interactions all require Ras-GTP with an intact effector binding domain (Switch I region). We have examined the requirements of the Switch II region (amino acids 60-72) for the production of stable interactions between Ras and its downstream effectors. A point mutation at position 65 or 64 combined with additional mutations at either position 65 or 71 rendered nucleotide-free Ras protein unable to stably interact with Ras specific guanine nucleotide exchange factors. Ha-Ras containing point mutations at positions 65 and 71 possessed a twofold higher affinity for B-raf and consequently MEK1. The point mutation at 64, in combination with additional point mutations at either position 65 or 71, resulted in a protein which failed to interact with either PI-3 kinase or neurofibromin, though these Ras mutants effectively bound both Raf-1 and B-raf. An activated form of Ras, Q61L-Ras, associated with all effector proteins independent of the bound guanine nucleotide. Q61L-Ras-GDP was almost as effective as wild type Ras-GMPPNP in the in vitro activation of MEK1 and MAP kinase. Competitive studies with the catalytic domain if neurofibromin, NF1-GRD, demonstrated that its interaction with Ras-GMPPNP is mutually exclusive with both Raf-1 and B-raf. These data suggest that rasGAP and neurofibromin are unable to downregulate Ras-GTP complexed to Raf-1 or B-raf.[1]

References

  1. Different structural requirements within the switch II region of the Ras protein for interactions with specific downstream targets. Moodie, S.A., Paris, M., Villafranca, E., Kirshmeier, P., Willumsen, B.M., Wolfman, A. Oncogene (1995) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities