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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new NK1 receptor antagonist (CP-99,994) prevents the increase in tracheal vascular permeability produced by hypertonic saline.

The increase in tracheal vascular permeability evoked by hypertonic saline depends on capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, which contain substance P and other neuropeptides. The present study was performed to determine whether a novel, nonpeptide, selective antagonist of the NK1 tachykinin receptor CP-99,994, [(+)-(2S-3S)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenylpiperidine], can prevent the effect of substance P, capsaicin and hypertonic saline on tracheal vascular permeability. CP-99,994 was also tested against a nonpeptide inflammatory mediator, platelet-activating factor (PAF), to assess the selectivity of its action. Anesthetized F-344 rats were injected with either substance P (5 micrograms/kg i.v.), capsaicin (100 micrograms/kg i.v.) or PAF (10 micrograms/kg i.v.), or were exposed to ultrasonically nebulized 3.6% NaCl. In each group, some of the rats were pretreated with CP-99,994 (1 to 4 mg/kg i.v.), and some with its vehicle (0.9% NaCl). Groups of rats injected with substance P or exposed to hypertonic saline were pretreated with the (2R, 3R)-enantiomer CP-100,263, [(-)-(2R-3R)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenylpiperidine] (2 or 4 mg/kg i.v.). The magnitude of the increase in tracheal vascular permeability was measured by quantifying the extravasation of Evans blue dye. CP-99,994 prevented the increase in tracheal vascular permeability produced by inhalation of hypertonic saline, by substance P and by capsaicin, but did not prevent the effect of PAF. CP-100,263 did not affect substance P- and hypertonic saline-induced increase in vascular permeability. These results indicate that the NK1 receptor antagonist CP-99,994 produces stereoselective inhibition of neurogenic plasma extravasation evoked by inhalation of hypertonic saline.[1]


  1. A new NK1 receptor antagonist (CP-99,994) prevents the increase in tracheal vascular permeability produced by hypertonic saline. Piedimonte, G., Bertrand, C., Geppetti, P., Snider, R.M., Desai, M.C., Nadel, J.A. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1993) [Pubmed]
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