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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is regulated by the MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP-1) in vascular smooth muscle cells. Effect of actinomycin D and antisense oligonucleotides.

Angiotensin II stimulates hypertrophic growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and activates many growth-promoting kinases such as mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. A novel transcriptionally regulated phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), is induced by angiotensin II in VSMC and selectively dephosphorylates MAP kinase in vitro. Using actinomycin D and antisense oligonucleotides targeted to MKP-1, we demonstrate that MKP-1 regulates MAP kinase in VSMC. Both actinomycin D and MKP-1 antisense oligonucleotides inhibited MKP-1 mRNA expression and caused prolonged activation of the p42 and p44 MAP kinases as measured by in-gel-kinase assays and Western blot. For example, MAP kinase activity 120 min after angiotensin II treatment was 30% (range 25-35%), 79%, and 74% of maximum in control, actinomycin D-treated (3 micrograms/ml, 30 min), and antisense oligonucleotide-treated (300 nM, 6 h) cells, respectively. A sense oligonucleotide was without effect (34%). MKP-1 antisense oligonucleotides did not affect the activity of MEK indicating that sustained activation of MAP kinase was due to inhibition of MKP-1 expression. These findings demonstrate that inactivation of MAP kinase by angiotensin II is mediated predominantly by MKP-1, suggesting an important role for MKP-1 and other related phosphatases in the regulation of MAP kinases in VSMC.[1]


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