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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of the ankyrin-binding domain of the mouse T-lymphoma cell inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor and its role in the regulation of IP3-mediated internal Ca2+ release.

In this study we have used several complementary techniques to explore the interaction between the membrane linker molecule, ankyrin, and the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor in mouse T-lymphoma cells. Using double immunolabeling and laser confocal microscopy, we have found that both cytoplasmic IP3 receptor and ankyrin are preferentially accumulated within ligand-induced lymphocyte receptor-capped structures. The binding between ankyrin and IP3 receptor appears to be very specific. Further analyses indicate that the amino acid sequence GGVGDVLRKPS in the IP3 receptor shares a great deal of structural homology with the ankyrin-binding domain located in certain well characterized ankyrin-binding proteins such as the cell adhesion molecule, CD44. Biochemical studies using competition binding assays and a synthetic peptide identical to GGVGDVLRKPS (a sequence detected in rat brain IP3 receptor (amino acids 2548-2558) and mouse brain IP3 receptor (amino acids 2546-2556)) indicate that this 11-amino acid peptide binds specifically to ankyrin (but not fodrin or spectrin). Furthermore, this peptide competes effectively for ankyrin binding to IP3 receptor-containing vesicles and/or purified IP3 receptor, and it blocks ankyrin-induced inhibitory effects on IP3 binding and IP3-mediated internal Ca2+ release in mouse T-lymphoma cells. These findings suggest that this amino acid sequence, GGVGDVLRKPS, which is located close to the C terminus of the IP3 receptor, resides on the cytoplasmic side (not the luminal side) of IP3 receptor-containing vesicles. This unique region appears to be an important part of the IP3 receptor ankyrin-binding domain and may play an important role in the regulation of IP3 receptor-mediated internal Ca2+ release during lymphocyte activation.[1]


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