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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Complementation of virus movement in transgenic tobacco expressing the cucumber mosaic virus 3a gene.

Tobacco plants were transformed with the cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) 3a gene and the in planta-expressed 3a protein was detected immunologically. The 3a protein was predominantly localized in a subcellular fraction corresponding to the cytosol. Two frameshift and four deletion mutants were created within the 3a open reading frame of CMV RNA 3. Five of these mutants, containing an N-terminal, large central, or C-terminal 70-amino-acid deletion could not infect nontransformed tobacco plants, but could infect the 3a transgenic tobacco plants, and generally accumulated to wild-type levels. The sixth mutant, lacking the C-terminal 43 amino acids of the 3a protein, was able to infect nontransformed tobacco plants. A delay in accumulation of viral RNA in both the inoculated and the systemically infected leaves was demonstrated for one of the mutants. Thus, the CMV 3a protein is a virus movement protein, the functions of which can be complemented in a transgenic plant. The CMV 3a transgenic plants were able to complement the long-distance movement of a pseudorecombinant cucumovirus defective for this function in tobacco, as well as the cell-to-cell, but not the long-distance, movement of two other related viruses. However, these transgenic plants were unable to complement the long-distance movement of viruses from several other taxonomic groups that could move cell to cell but not long distance in tobacco.[1]


  1. Complementation of virus movement in transgenic tobacco expressing the cucumber mosaic virus 3a gene. Kaplan, I.B., Shintaku, M.H., Li, Q., Zhang, L., Marsh, L.E., Palukaitis, P. Virology (1995) [Pubmed]
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