The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetics and thermodynamics of virus binding to receptor. Studies with rhinovirus, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and surface plasmon resonance.

We have studied the kinetics and thermodynamics of a virus interacting with its receptor using human rhinovirus serotype 3 (HRV3), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54) containing Ig superfamily domains 1-5 (sICAM-1), and surface plasmon resonance. There were two classes of binding sites for sICAM-1 on HRV3, each comprising about 50% of the total sites, with association rate constants of 2450 +/- 300 and 134 +/- 11 M-1 s-1. These rates are low, consistent with binding to a relatively inaccessible site in the rhinovirus canyon. By contrast, three monoclonal antibodies bound to sICAM-1 with a single rate constant of 17,000-48,000 M-1 s-1. The dissociation rate constant for HRV3 was 1.7 +/- 0.1 x 10(-3) s-1, giving calculated dissociation constants of 0.7 +/- 0.1 and 12.5 +/- 1.2 microM. Agreement was good with saturation binding in solution, which showed two sites of similar abundance with KD of 0.55 +/- 0.2 and 5.7 +/- 2.0 microM. A bivalent chimera of ICAM-1 with the IgA1 Fc region bound with KD = 50 and 410 nM, showing 17-fold enhanced affinity. Lowering pH from 8.0 to 6.0 reduced affinity by approximately 50-fold, primarily by reducing the on rate. Thermodynamic measurements showed that binding of ICAM-1 to HRV3 is endothermic, by contrast to binding to monoclonal antibody. The heat that is absorbed of 3.5 and 6.3 kcal/ mol for the two classes of ICAM-1 binding sites may contribute to receptor-mediated disruption of virions, which has an activation energy of about 42 kcal/ mol.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities