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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular cloning of a mammalian hyaluronidase reveals identity with hemopexin, a serum heme-binding protein.

Hyaluronan is the most abundant glycosaminoglycan of the extracellular matrix and is a critical substrate for cellular attachment and locomotion. Little is known about the class of enzymes, termed hyaluronidases, that are responsible for hyaluronan catabolism in mammals. We have determined a partial amino acid sequence from a purified preparation of porcine liver hyaluronidase and have used this information as the basis for cloning complementary DNA that encodes the corresponding protein. When expressed in a recombinant baculovirus system, the protein exhibited hyaluronidase activity in a substrate-gel assay. The deduced sequence of this mammalian hyaluronidase is that of a 459-amino-acid polypeptide bearing four potential N-glycosylation sites as well as a copy of a proposed hyaluronan binding motif. Remarkably, amino acid sequence comparisons and immunologic cross-reactivities strongly suggest that the cloned protein is identical to hemopexin, an abundant, heme-binding serum protein. Although hemopexin has not previously been reported to possess any enzymatic activity, it includes a conserved domain found in collagenases, stromelysins, and other enzymes that metabolize the extracellular matrix. We conclude that hemopexin is the predominant hyaluronidase expressed in mammalian liver.[1]

References

  1. Molecular cloning of a mammalian hyaluronidase reveals identity with hemopexin, a serum heme-binding protein. Zhu, L., Hope, T.J., Hall, J., Davies, A., Stern, M., Muller-Eberhard, U., Stern, R., Parslow, T.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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