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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Further studies on cell adhesion based on Le(x)-Le(x) interaction, with new approaches: embryoglycan aggregation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells, and adhesion of various tumour cells based on Le(x) expression.

We previously proposed specific interaction of Le(x) (Gal beta 1-->4 [Fuc alpha 1-->3]-GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal) with Le(x) as a basis of cell adhesion in pre-implantation embryos and in aggregation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells, based on several lines of evidence (Eggens et al., J. Biol Chem (1989) 264:9476-9484). We now present additional evidence for this concept, based on autoaggregation studies of plastic beads coated with glycosphingolipids (GSLs) bearing Le(x) or other epitopes, and affinity chromatography on Le(x)-columns of multivalent lactofucopentaose III (Le(x) oligosaccharide) conjugated with lysyllysine. Comparative adhesion studies of Le(x)-expressing tumour cells vs their Le(x)-non-expressing variants showed that only Le(x)-expressing cells adhere to Le(x)-coated plates and are involved in tumour cell aggregation, in analogy to F9 cell aggregation. The major carrier of Le(x) determinant in F9 cells is not GSL but rather polylactosaminoglycan ('embryoglycan'), and we demonstrated autoaggregation of purified embryoglycan in the presence of Ca2+, and reversible dissociation in the absence of Ca2+ (addition of EDTA). Defucosylated embryoglycan did not show autoaggregation under the same conditions. Thus, Le(x)-Le(x) interaction has been demonstrated on a lactosaminoglycan basis as well as a GSL basis. A molecular model of Le(x)-Le(x) interaction based on minimum energy conformation with involvement of Ca2+ is presented.[1]


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