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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of dietary fat on colonic protein kinase C and induction of aberrant crypt foci.

A major objective of the present study was to determine whether a high-fat diet affects early events during colon carcinogenesis. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with saline or azoxymethane (20 mg/kg) and fed either a normal (5% corn oil w/w) or a high (5% corn oil and 15% beef tallow w/w) fat diet. To assess the effect of a known tumor-promoting diet on the early events of neoplastic transformation, Study 1 examined the induction and growth of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) as well as of proliferative indices. The total number of ACF were similar in both groups even after 8 wk of dietary treatment; however, ACF with accelerated growth characteristics (> or = 4 crypts/focal lesion) were more prevalent (P < or = 0.05) in the colons of animals fed the high-fat diet. Metaphase arrest cells and 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine labelled cells showed no appreciable response to dietary changes. To determine whether changes in colonic signal transduction pathways represent an early response to dietary modification, Study 2 evaluated the activity of protein kinase C ( PKC), proliferative indices and changes in phospholipid fatty acid profiles. In comparison to the normal fat group, the colons of high-fat fed animals exhibited higher (P < or = 0.05) membranes and lower soluble PKC activity; however, proliferation patterns of these colons were not altered. Changes in the membrane lipid composition were minor; however, an increase in the phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine ratio and in 20:4n-6 was noted.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effect of dietary fat on colonic protein kinase C and induction of aberrant crypt foci. Lafave, L.M., Kumarathasan, P., Bird, R.P. Lipids (1994) [Pubmed]
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