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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro cytotoxicity of a novel antitumor antibiotic, spicamycin derivative, in human lung cancer cell lines.

Spicamycin (SPM), produced by Streptomyces alanosinicus, induces potent differentiation in a human leukemia cell line, HL60. One of the derivatives of SPM (SPM-D), KRN5500, has a wide range of antitumor activity against human cancer cell lines. We examined the cytotoxicity of SPM-D in small and non-small cell lung cancer cell lines using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and colony assays. SPM-D was active against a wide range of lung cancer cell lines. All three cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant cell lines established in our laboratory (PC-9/ CDDP, PC-14/ CDDP, and H69/ CDDP) showed collateral sensitivity to SPM-D with relative resistance values of 0.43, 0.34, and 0.32, respectively. Intracellular SPM-D in PC-14/ CDDP was 35% higher than that for PC-14 suggesting that intracellular accumulation can explain the collateral sensitivity to SPM-D at least in PC-14/ CDDP. On the other hand, in PC-9/ CDDP cells, no increase of intracellular SPM-D accumulation was observed, but the conversion ratio of a metabolite (the amino nucleoside moiety of spicamycin binding with glycine, SAN-G) from SPM-D evaluated by TLC was higher as compared with that of parental PC-9 cells (45.5% versus 37%; PC-9/ CDDP versus PC-9). The increased intracellular metabolism of SPM-D could explain the mechanism of collateral sensitivity in PC-9/ CDDP cisplatin-resistant cell lines. To elucidate the determinant of the SPM-D-induced cytotoxicity, we established SPM-D-resistant cell lines, PC-9/SPM-D, PC-14/SPM-D, and H69/SPM-D, by exposing cells to stepwise increases in SPM-D concentration. The relative resistances of these sublines were more than 5000, 46.6, and 37.8 times those of the parental cell lines, respectively. The intracellular concentration of the active metabolite, SAN-G, was found to be decreased in the SPM-D-resistant sublines. This result indicates that the intracellular metabolism of SPM-D to SAN-G is one of the determinants of cellular sensitivity to SPM-D in these SPM-D-resistant cell lines. In conclusion, both drug accumulation and metabolism may contribute to the sensitivity/resistance to SPM-D and both may merit investigation.[1]


  1. In vitro cytotoxicity of a novel antitumor antibiotic, spicamycin derivative, in human lung cancer cell lines. Lee, Y.S., Nishio, K., Ogasawara, H., Funayama, Y., Ohira, T., Saijo, N. Cancer Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
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