The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine functions as an activator in the regulation of the Escherichia coli glutamate racemase activity.

D-Glutamate is an essential component of the bacterial peptidoglycan. In Escherichia coli, the biosynthesis of D-glutamate is catalyzed by a glutamate racemase (encoded by the dga gene) and is regulated by UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine [Doublet et al. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 5285], a bacterial peptidoglycan subunit precursor. Investigation was conducted to elucidate the interaction between the enzyme and its regulator. Whole and N-terminal truncated enzymes, encoded by individual constructs containing either a full-length or an N-terminal truncated dga gene, were evaluated. In the absence of the regulator, the purified whole enzyme showed a low-level basal racemase activity for which a Km value of 18.9 mM and a Vmax of 0.4 mumol/( were determined, using D-glutamate as the substrate. Using the same substrate, in the presence of 6.5 microM UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine, a Km value of 4.2 mM and a Vmax of 34 mumol/( were measured. Similar kinetic parameters for the activated enzyme were obtained using L-glutamate as the substrate. The N-terminal truncated E. coli enzyme, with a 21 amino acid region removed, is similar in size to the Pediococcus pentosaceus glutamate racemase. Effects of the regulator on the full-length and the N-terminal truncated enzyme in the dialyzed cell lysate were compared. A host cell line, E. coli WM335 delta recA, containing a nonfunctional chromosomal dga gene was used to minimize the background interference. With 6.5 microM regulator added, the N-terminal truncated enzyme displayed a loss of more than 80% of the activity compared to the full-length enzyme.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine functions as an activator in the regulation of the Escherichia coli glutamate racemase activity. Ho, H.T., Falk, P.J., Ervin, K.M., Krishnan, B.S., Discotto, L.F., Dougherty, T.J., Pucci, M.J. Biochemistry (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities