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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of HIV-1 replication and activation of RNase L by phosphorothioate/phosphodiester 2',5'-oligoadenylate derivatives.

2',5'-Oligoadenylate (2-5A) derivatives have been designed to act distal to the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-induced blockade in the 2-5A synthetase/RNase L antiviral pathway. Stereochemical modification of individual internucleotide linkages of the 2-5A molecule was accomplished by phosphoramidite and phosphotriester chemical syntheses. Phosphorothioate/phosphodiester trimer and tetramer 2-5A derivatives revealed differences in the stereodynamics of activation of RNase L and inhibition of HIV-1 replication. The first and second internucleotide linkages are critical for activation of recombinant, human RNase L; A(Rp)ApA, A(Sp)ApA and ApA(Rp)A are agonists (IC50 = 2 x 10(-7), 2 x 10(-6) and 8 x 10(-6) M); ApA(Sp)A is an antagonist. The second and third internucleotide linkages are crucial for activation of murine RNase L; ApA(Rp)A, ApA(Rp)ApA, and ApApA(Rp)A are agonists (IC50 = 5 x 10(-7) M); ApA(Sp)A, ApA(Sp)ApA, and ApApA(Sp)A are antagonists. Inhibition of HIV-1-induced syncytia formation by the phosphorothioate/phosphodiester derivatives is specific for derivatives with substitution at the 2',3'-terminus. ApA(Rp)A, ApA(Sp)A, ApApA(Rp)A, and ApApA(Sp)A are potent inhibitors of HIV-1-induced syncytia formation (80-, 10-, 40-, and 15-fold more inhibitory, respectively, than solvent control). HIV-1 infection results in enhanced uptake and accumulation of ApA(Rp)A and ApA(Sp)A (7- and 10-fold, respectively). These stereochemically modified 2-5A derivatives are taken up preferentially by HIV-1-infected cells and show promise in anti-HIV-1 chemotherapy.[1]


  1. Inhibition of HIV-1 replication and activation of RNase L by phosphorothioate/phosphodiester 2',5'-oligoadenylate derivatives. Sobol, R.W., Henderson, E.E., Kon, N., Shao, J., Hitzges, P., Mordechai, E., Reichenbach, N.L., Charubala, R., Schirmeister, H., Pfleiderer, W. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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