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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of 9,13-dicis-retinoic acid as a major plasma metabolite of 9-cis-retinoic acid and limited transfer of 9-cis-retinoic acid and 9,13-dicis-retinoic acid to the mouse and rat embryos.

9-Cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) has been proposed to be the endogenous ligand of retinoid X receptors. We examined the plasma pharmacokinetics of 9-cis-RA and its metabolites in nonpregnant female NMRI mice after oral dosing with 50 mg 9-cis-RA/kg body weight. Furthermore, we studied the metabolism of 9-cis-RA and its transfer to the embryo following oral administration of the precursor 9-cis-retinaldehyde (9-cis-RAL; 100 mg/kg body weight) to pregnant mice and rats on gestational days 11 and 13, respectively. Following 9-cis-RA administration, plasma levels of 9-cis-RA reached their maximum within 40-60 min and then declined in a monoexponential manner with an apparent half-life of 64 +/- 32 min. A great variety of polar metabolites of 9-cis-RA was found; among them, the beta-glucuronides of 9-cis-RA (9-cis-RAG) and of 9-cis-4-oxo-RA (9-cis-4-oxo-RAG) could be identified. A further prominent polar metabolite of 9-cis-RA in mouse plasma was shown to be an additional RA isomer (distinct from 13-cis-RA and all-trans-RA) whose concentrations weeesimilarly high as those of 9-cis-RA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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