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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gas chromatographic measurement of 3- and 4-thia fatty acids incorporated into various classes of rat liver lipids during feeding experiments.

A practical procedure is described for the quantitative measurement of the amount of acyl units derived from tetradecylthioacetic acid (effecting hypolipemia in rats) and tetradecylthiopropionic acid (effecting hyperlipidemia). The procedure involves three main successive steps: (1) extraction; (2) solid-phase lipid class separation yielding free fatty acids, phospholipids, triacylglycerides, cholesterol esters, and diacylglycerides without crosscontamination; and (3) gas chromatography of hydrolyzed lipids derivatized to picolinyl esters, combined with unambiguous identification by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The overall recoveries of heptadecanoyl lipids added as internal standards during extraction were 94-96%, except for cholesteryl heptadecanoate where the recovery was 60% owing to incomplete hydrolysis. Recoveries of thia fatty acids from samples spiked with these compounds were 95%. Flame-ionization response factors were found to be 0.92 and 0.81 for the tetradecylthioacetic acid and tetradecylthiopropionic acid picolinyl esters, respectively, compared to that of heptadecanoic acid. The lower limit of quantitation was 25 pmol as injected. Measurement of the amount of thia fatty acyl units in rat plasma and in liver lipids 4 h after administration of single doses by gastric intubation indicated efficient absorbtion and rapid incorporation into liver lipids, particularly in the phospholipid fraction. Both plasma clearance and channelling into lipids was slower for the 4-thia fatty acid.[1]


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