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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of c-jun by lung carcinogens in Clara cells of hamsters.

In vitro differentiated hamster Clara cells were used to study the effects of lung carcinogens on the regulation of the c-jun oncogene. Northern blot analysis revealed a decrease in the expression of jun transcripts 24 h following the exposure of Clara cells to the direct acting forms of benzo[a]pyrene (BPDE*) or 5-methylchrysene (5MeCDE). To determine whether this decrease was mediated at the transcriptional level, we have used CAT reporter constructs driven by nested deletions of the 5' non-coding regulatory region of the c-jun oncogene. While BPDE was capable of activating certain regulatory domains of the c-jun promoter, this activation was not observed with either 5MeCDE or the less active lung carcinogens BADE or 6MeCDE. Analysis of enhancer elements identified the SP1 target site as a strong silencer after BPDE treatment. While positive regulatory element(s) mediating activation of c-jun by BPDE were localized within the promoter region up to -1639, further upstream sequences reduced this transcriptional activation. Thus, when the complete promoter region, up to -4500, was tested, no transcriptional activation was noted following BPDE treatment. These observations suggest that the regulation of c-jun in Clara cells exposed to potent lung carcinogens is mediated at the post-transcriptional level, possibly by reducing the stability and, in turn, the half life of c-jun mRNA. Overall, in contrast to the response of c-jun to numerous carcinogens and stress inducing agents noted in various other cell systems, our findings suggest the existence of a tissue-specific regulatory response for c-jun.[1]


  1. Regulation of c-jun by lung carcinogens in Clara cells of hamsters. Dolan, L.R., Rutberg, S.E., Amin, S., Emura, M., Mohr, U., Kraft, A., Yokoyama, K., Ronai, Z. Carcinogenesis (1994) [Pubmed]
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