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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential induction of 5-HT1A-mediated responses in vivo by three chemically dissimilar 5-HT1A agonists.

In the rat, activation of 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) receptors causes hypothermia and the 5-HT syndrome. The effects of three chemically dissimilar 5-HT1A agonists administered s.c. [8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), gepirone, and (+)4-[n-5-(methoxychroman-3-yl)n-propylamino]butyl-8-azaspiro++ +[4,5] decane-7,adione ((+)S-20499)] on both of these responses were studied. The same maximal drop in body temperature (approximately 2.5 degrees C) was elicited by all three agonists, 8-OH-DPAT being the most potent (EC50 = 0.05 mg/kg), followed by gepirone (1.8 mg/kg) and (+)S-20499 (8 mg/kg). Both pindolol, a nonselective 5-HT1A receptor/beta adrenoceptor antagonist and n-t-butyl,-3-[1-[4-(2-methoxy)phenyl]piperazinyl]-1-phenylpropionamid e [(+) WAY 100135], a more selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, dose dependently attenuated the hypothermia induced by all three agonists. From these data, we inferred that all three agonists caused hypothermia via activation of 5-HT1A receptors. The syndrome was observed reliably in rats at doses of 2 to 4 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT; doses up to 100 mg/kg of gepirone or (+)S-20499 did not produce the syndrome. In reserpine-pretreated animals, 8-OH-DPAT (maximal effect at 2-4 mg/kg) and 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) (5 mg/kg) induced forepaw treading, whereas gepirone (10 mg/kg) and (+)S-20499 (75 mg/kg) did not. (+) WAY 100135 competitively antagonized the forepaw treading caused by 8-OH-DPAT in reserpine-pretreated rats. This indicates that forepaw treading, like hypothermia, is mediated by activation of 5-HT1A receptors. Gepirone (5-10 mg/kg) attenuated the forepaw treading induced by either 8-OH-DPAT (4 mg/kg) or 5-MeODMT (5 mg/kg); by contrast, (+)S-20499, at doses up to 75 mg/kg, did not attenuate the forepaw treading induced by either 8-OH-DPAT or 5-MeODMT. The inability of (+)S-20499 either to induce the 5-HT syndrome or forepaw treading or to attenuate the forepaw treading induced by other agonists could be due to several factors, one of which is that different subtypes of the 5-HT1A receptor mediate hypothermia and the 5-HT syndrome.[1]


  1. Differential induction of 5-HT1A-mediated responses in vivo by three chemically dissimilar 5-HT1A agonists. Scott, P.A., Chou, J.M., Tang, H., Frazer, A. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1994) [Pubmed]
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