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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Presence of role of the 5SrRNA-L5 protein complex (5SRNP) in the threonyl- and histidyl-tRNA synthetase complex in rat liver cytosol.

A complex containing Thr-RS and His-RS was purified about 1000 to 2000-fold from rat liver cytosol by successive column chromatographies on Sephadex G-200, Phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B, and tRNA-Sepharose. The ratio of the specific activity of Thr-RS and His-RS was relatively constant throughout the purification steps, suggesting that the two synthetases were co-purified as a complex. Chromatographic analyses of the tRNA-Sepharose fraction by Sephadex G-150 column chromatography showed the presence of a hybrid form of the Thr-RS monomer and the His-RS monomer in addition to dimer forms of both enzymes from the pattern of activity of both enzymes. The monomer form of Thr-RS showed high activity comparable to the dimer form and the monomer form of His-RS showed definite activity. An association form of Thr-RS and His-RS dimers was detected by Sephadex G-200 chromatography of rat liver cytosol. Northern blot analysis of RNA prepared from the tRNA-Sepharose fraction showed the presence of 55SrRNA blot analysis of the tRNA-Sepharose fraction using an antibody against ribosomal protein L5, showed the presence of ribosomal protein L5 in this fraction. These findings suggest that the presence of a 5SRNA-L5 protein complex (5SRNP) in the Thr-RS and His-RS complex. 5SRNP enhanced the activity of Thr-RS in a freshly prepared tRNA-Sepharose fraction. It also enhanced the activity of the rat liver cytosol for the attachment of [3H]threonine to endogenous tRNA. This activity was inhibited by an antibody against protein L5, and the inhibition was reversed by addition of 5SRNP. These results indicate that 5SRNP plays a role as a positive effector of Thr-RS in the complex.[1]


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