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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Decreased protein catabolism after exercise in subjects with IDDM.

We examined whether the increased rates of protein catabolism (proteolysis and leucine oxidation) associated with moderate insulinopenia in subjects with IDDM would be accentuated by prior bicycle exercise (53% VO2max for 82 min). Insulin infusions maintained plasma glucose concentrations on one study day in "tight" control (TC: 6 mmol/l) and on a separate day in "loose" control (LC: 12 mmol/l). Elevations in serum ketone body, plasma NEFA, and whole-blood branched-chain amino acid concentrations on the loose control day during the basal period persisted throughout the post-exercise recovery period. Amino acid kinetics were estimated during a primed, constant infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine from plasma dilution of alpha-[1-13C]KIC and expired air 13CO2 enrichments. Loose control was associated with increased rates of whole-body leucine oxidation (LC 25 +/- 7 vs TC 21 +/- 8 and protein degradation (LC 127 +/- 12 vs TC 118 +/- 18 (both p < 0.05). During the 2-h post exercise recovery period, there were significant decreases in rates of leucine oxidation (LC 21 +/- 7, TC 16 +/- 7) and protein degradation (LC 112 +/- 13, TC 107 +/- 11), compared to the basal period (both p < 0.05, basal vs recovery). Rates of whole-body protein synthesis were unchanged by prior exercise. In conclusion, moderate insulinopenia is associated with significantly higher rates of protein degradation and leucine oxidation in the basal state. Following exercise, net protein catabolism is diminished due to reduced rates of protein degradation in the presence of maintained rates of protein synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Decreased protein catabolism after exercise in subjects with IDDM. Devlin, J.T., Scrimgeour, A., Brodsky, I., Fuller, S. Diabetologia (1994) [Pubmed]
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