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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Presence of a specific antiestrogen binding site on human follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line (UCLA RO 82 W-1): inhibition by an endogenous ligand present in human serum.

A receptor for antiestrogens, distinct from the estrogen receptor, has been identified in several tissues including the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Estrogen receptors have also been found in normal and pathological thyroid tissue homogenates. We demonstrate the presence of an antiestrogen binding site (AEBS) on a pure human follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line (UCLA RO 82 W-1) using a 3H-tamoxifen (3H-TAM) binding assay. The binding of 3H-TAM to the AEBS was determined after preincubation (30 min) of the cells with excess 17 beta-estradiol (2 mumol/L). Specific and saturable binding of 3H-TAM to the cells was observed. Displacement of the tracer from its binding site was dose dependent. Scatchard analysis revealed a dissociation constant (Kd) of 73 nmol/L, indicating a binding site with moderate affinity and capacity (72 pmol/10(6) cells). Using this assay we were also able to demonstrate the presence of an endogenous ligand for the AEBS in ethanol extracts of human serum. Cell growth and 3H-thymidine incorporation by the follicular thyroid carcinoma cells were inhibited when the cells were exposed to TAM (1.5 mumol/L). In conclusion, TAM is able to bind to a specific receptor on this follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line, and a natural circulating ligand present in ethanol extracts of human serum interferes with its binding.[1]


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